Elements

Name

Latin Name

Symbol

Sodium

Natrium

Na

Magnesium

-

Mg

Aluminium

-

Al

Potassium

Kalium

K

Calcium

-

Ca

Chromium

-

Cr

Manganese

-

Mn

Iron

Ferrum

Fe

Nickel

-

Ni

Cobalt

-

Co

Copper

Cuprum

Cu

Zinc

-

Zn

Silver

Argentum

Ag

Tin

Stannum

Sn

Barium

-

Ba

Platinum

-

Pt

Gold

Aurum

Au

Lead

Plumbum

Pb

Mercury

Hydragyrum

Hg

Tungsten

Wolfram(German)

W

Vanadium

-

V

Uranium

-

U*

Thorium

-

Th*

Radium

-

Ra*

* indicates Radioactive Metals

Above is the list of common elements(metals)

But what are Elements?

Elements can be any pure substance( that is substances made with only one kind of atom) which cannot be broken into two or more pure substances by any chemical means.

List of common elements in order of decreasing reactivity

Potassium > Sodium > Calcium > Magnesium > Aluminium > Zinc > Iron > Lead > Hydrogen > Copper > Mercury > Silver > Gold

In the above list Hydrogen a non metal is included. because the metals above hydrogen donot react with water or dilute sulphuric acid or dilute hydrochloric acid and hence do not displace hydrogen.


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